Near the close of the decade, the Ohio legislature created the process by which mental retardation eventually would gain independent-department status. The Division of Mental Retardation was created within the Department of Mental Hygiene and Correction through House Bill 178.
In 1969, the Ohio Association for Retarded Citizens (now simply known as The Arc of Ohio) successfully lobbied for the creation of a separate cabinet-level department of Mental Retardation. Roger Gove, M.D. served as the first Commissioner.