A Foundation for Progress

1970 - Franklin County

By the early 1970s, perceptions about people with developmental disabilities and their potential were changing. Services began to emphasize programs that promoted individual growth, development, and learning. However, Ohio lagged behind the national movement. A report by the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation described institutional services in 1970: “With not enough attendants to teach patients to feed…

Investing in the Future

1971

In 1971, with federal and state funding available, Ohio began planning for the first new institutions to be built in the 20th century for the developmentally disabled: the Warrensville and Northwest Ohio Developmental Centers. The total cost of new projects for the state was more than $44 million, a substantial investment with more than 15,000 Ohioans being served by the…

National News Spurs Changes

1972

In the summer of 1972, the Ohio General Assembly voted to create two separate departments to handle what was once the responsibility of one state agency. The two departments that would be created are the Ohio Department of Mental Hygiene and Correction and the Ohio Department of Mental Health and Mental Retardation. Under the new Department of MH/MR, policies were…

Obtaining Civil Rights Protections

1973

The Rehabilitation Act of 1973 addressed crucial civil rights protection for persons with developmental disabilities. The Act stated that “no otherwise qualified disabled individual in the United States… shall, solely by reason of a disability, be excluded from the participation in, be denied the benefits of, or be subjected to discrimination under any program or activity receiving federal financial assistance.” Protections…

Civil Rights Recognized

1975

The political fallout from such cases as New York ARC v. Rockefeller, among others, led to a flurry of legislation to protect the rights and expand services to people with disabilities. This included the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (EAHCA), which mandated free and appropriate public education for all children aged 3 to 21. Before 1975, children with disabilities…